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Acute myocardial infarction answers (182)

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Q: 

Treatment of Hypertension using Beta Blockers

A: Beta blockers is a class of medication used for managing hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, and for secondary prevention for people already had heart attacks.There are several types of beta blockers, including atenolol, propranolol, metoprolol, labetalol, bisoprolol, acebutolol, and carvedilol. Khan and McAlister (2006) surveyed data from 21 hypertension trials involving 145,811 participants. They showed that beta blockers reduced major cardiovascular outcomes by 14% (risk ratio: 0.86) in younger patients and 11% (risk ratio: 0.89) in older patients. Beta blocker therapy also improves the survival rate among heart attack patients by almost 100%. For instance, in the Carvedilol Post-Infarct Survival Control in LV Dysfunction (CAPRICORN) trial, about 2000 patients with a proven

Q: 

Heart attack and heart enzymes?

A: Yes and No, enzymes are measured over time, as the hours pass the body puts off more enzymes - they are like little allerts to your body to send the helpers to the damaged muscle. If the blood draw is within 15 to 20 minutes of the heart attack they could be negative, but any MD knows that you always run a series of enzyme tests usually the first right away, the second in 2-4 hours and the last in 12 hours, then if any come back positive they run a differential which tells them what muscle is damaged, heart, Diaphragm, extremity muscles, ect. The most important test is the EKG, and an ECHO to determine a heart attack and what part of the heart is effected. Hope this helps Yes, I believe so. Depends on severity of the heart attack, how soon after the heart attack the tests were done, etc....


Q: 

left shoulder pain with pain under sternum

A: HI, The pains that you are describing can be attributed to a number of conditions such as - Gastro-esophageal reflux - angina pectoris - myocardial infarction - musculo-skeletal pain etc. Of late, acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is being increasingly being reported in young individuals. AMI has a low incidence in young adults. The percentage of patients under 40 years of age is 2- 8 % of all AMI cases and it rises to 10% for people under 46. It is unclear if AMI in young adults may be considered as an early expression of coronary artery disease (CAD) or an entirely autonomous disease.Possible gene polymorphisms are being investigated. AMI in young adults is...


Q: 

My step-sister has crushing chest pains?

A: You can pray to GOD about it and he will heal your step sisters chest. collasped lung...ive had this happen over the summer....if she is tall and thin its a very good chance also if her upper body gets really tight or when she bends over she automatically coughs its a good possibilty of a collasped lung i suggest er right now do you think that maybe she is having heart problems that are causing this Usually people say chest pain, which couls be anxiet or heart attacks. When people say things like crushing it usually sounds more significant like a heart attack. She shoul d follow up with her doctor. They can do an ekg to see if she has any abnormal rhythms that could be a sign if she had a heart attack. If it is normal, then they can use it as a base line if it happens again. Also, if she...


Q: 

What are the side affects of long term use of sumatriptan?

A: Both Imitrex and Zomig are safe drugs and can be used long term. Both medications are rather short acting and are out of the body by 18-20 hours. Many patients have been on triptans such as these since they were launched well over a decade ago. Over the age, many small arteries in the body begin to harden a bit and may increase cardiovascular risk slowly, therefore this is always a concern when using these medications. There have been reported incidents of heart attacks after taking triptans as 2% of the medication binds to coronary nerve tissue, while 98% to the trigeminal nerve thereby treating the migraine. If you are concerned, please discuss this with your provider. Risk of myocardial Ischemia and/or infarction and Other Adverse...


Q: 

How long can T-wave inversion last post-MI?

A: This question was answered via the ''Ask Univadis'' service (http://www.univadis.co.uk). Wikipedia reports [1]: "T wave inversion may persist for months or even permanently following acute myocardial infarction" This quote is referenced to the following 2002 BMJ article "ABC of clinical electrocardiography - acute myocardial infarction—Part I" [2]...
Q: 

If someone dies from congestive heart failure, how do they die?

A: well its called a bad heart attack.. Morbid or not, people die from CHF every minute. Whether it is swift and painless or slow and painful depends on the attending physician and what treatment is ordered. Nobody can determine exactly how long a person with CHF has to live, but "palliative measures" (such as morphine for pain) can be taken to ensure that the person is free from pain. My personal experience with people dying of CHF is that they were somewhat "out of it" from the morphine, but free from pain and able to pass peacefully. I hope this helps you. For more information, you should use Google or Yahoo Search and enter "congestive heart failure." This should also get you some information about hospice situations and how CHF is handled. Kabum mom just...


Q: 

meds insert

A: Hi, Trevor . . . Medications are usually approved on the basis of short term (generally 8-16 week) studies of their safety and effectiveness. There are no requirements that manufacturers conduct long-term studies. Below are abstracts of reports of some long-term studies involving methylphenidate. Best regards . . . Ivan %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% Toxicol Lett. 2010 Mar 1;193(1):4-8. Epub 2009 Dec 22. Prospective follow-up studies found no chromosomal mutagenicity of methylphenidate therapy in ADHD affected children. Walitza S, Kämpf K, Oli RG, Warnke A, Gerlach M, Stopper H. Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Five to ten percent of all children suffer from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which is often...


Q: 

What Are the Different Uses of Lisinopril Tablets?

A: An angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activates the production of the vasoconstrictor angiotensin II, which causes the constriction of blood vessels. Lisinopril tablets work as ACE inhibitors, and dilate blood vessels. Some of the many uses of lisinopril tablets are to manage hypertension, or high blood pressure, prevent heart failure in high-risk patients, and to increase the chances of survival following an acute myocardial infarction, or heart attack. Hypertension occurs when blood vessels shrink, making the heart work harder to force blood through the narrow blood vessels. If left untreated, hypertension can cause an irregular heartbeat, chest pain, and eventually congestive heart failure. The ACE inhibitor...


Q: 

My Father''s ruptured MI broke all the rules?

A: Hello -- First I''d just like to say in all sincerity I am terribly sorry to learn of your loss. It would have been difficult enough without having witnessed this relatively rare phenomenon. I will explain to you what appears to have happened, and I hope it will give you some sense of order to overlay this horrendous experience. Before I begin to explain I''d like to insert here, for the sake of any passing readers, that three days of indigestion, even three hours of it, is a red flag and should be investigated, especially in men over the age of 50. If there is a long history of gastroesophageal reflux this is still a long seige of a specific symptom. Please don''t let it get by as "likely" indigestion when more often than not this sort of symptom is suggestive of a...


 
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