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Adrenal glands answers (2122)

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Q: 

Diffuse Fullness of Left adrenal Gland

A: Hi, Of late, thanks to the advanced imaging techniques, it is being recognized that the adrenals may be involved in cases of acute pancreatitis and also that they may affect the severity of the pancreatitis as well as prognosis. Changes in the adrenals have beeen reported in some cases of acute pancreatitis on CT and MRI (adrenal enlargement, hyper-attenuation as well as hypo-attenuation), depending upon the time-frame since onset of acute pancreatitis. Unilateral as well as bilateral changes have been observed. These changes are thought to be due to adrenal hemorrhage. Why hemorrhage should occur and why the adrenals seem to be vulnerable is not yet clear.One...


Q: 

Could you explain the function of the adrenal glands and their connection to adrenalin?

A: The adrenal glands are part of the system that produces the body'' s hormones (called the endocrine system). They sit on top of each kidney, a bit like a beanie. The glands are tiny?less than 5 cm long and weigh only a few grams?and yet produce more than three dozen hormones. The glands are divided into two quite distinct parts?an inner, reddish brown section called the medulla and an outer, yellow-coloured section called the cortex. Each part has its own distinct function. The hormones produced by the medulla in the adrenal gland include adrenalin, which causes the well-known '' fight or flight'' response to danger. The medulla is part of...


Q: 

Could you explain the function of the adrenal glands and their connection to adrenalin?

A: The adrenal glands are part of the system that produces the body` s hormones (called the endocrine system). They sit on top of each kidney, a bit like a beanie. The glands are tiny?less than 5 cm long and weigh only a few grams?and yet produce more than three dozen hormones. The glands are divided into two quite distinct parts?an inner, reddish brown section called the medulla and an outer, yellow-coloured section called the cortex. Each part has its own distinct function. The hormones produced by the medulla in the adrenal gland include adrenalin, which causes the well-known ` fight or flight` response to danger. The medulla is part of the...


Q: 

My wife has been MBC in the bone for the past 1.5 years. She is currently taking Arimidex which, going by the lastest ca15.3 result is failing her as it has risen from what was a steady 69 to a count of 650. She started taking Arimidex in January 2005 and her tumour marker remained reasonably stable until November 2005. In August 2005 she began menstruating and was admitted into hospital for a D&C and was given progesterone 5milx 3times a day. Her Cancer is Her2- estrogen+ and progesterone+. We understand that the cancer is driven by Estrogen and that the Arimidex was prescribed as an aromatase blocker starving the cancer. We have discussed further treatment for the disease with our Oncologist and we undertsand the options are to try more hormonal therapy drugs.(we believe exemestane will be prescibed). Regarding the hormonal treatment route we understand that such drugs will supposedly block the peripheral production of estrogen, we have also heard that another way to reduce the bodies production of estrogen is to remove the adrenal glands. Is it absured to suggest that to further lower estrogen other such producing factories such as the endocrine system and the pituitary glands be removed or would their removal cause too many associated functional problems and complication. We have heard from an eminent oncologist (now retired) that he has in the past removed the adrenal glands with long term success for the mortality rate. Thanks for your time and attention.

A: i personally have never seen adrenal glands removed for this purpose. adrenal glands have important functions and such a surgery may do more harm than good....
Q: 

adrenal Gland Metastisis?

A: Hi- I am sorry to hear your battle with cancer and don''t want to scare you, but yes you can have cancer spread to your adrenal gland, but sounds like your doctor is on top of it. You are doing the best thing by confirming what it is by having the Petscan done. I don''t know that much about NSLC, but do know with SCLC it spreads wherever it makes itself comfortable. My husband has it in his adrenal gland, but has SCLC. Myabe it is just a "lesion" and is not cancer, but good the doctor is aggressive and having it tested. I will add you to my prayer list, along with all the others on this posting board. Kim Thank You Kim... I too pray daily for anyone dealing with this awful disease. I have Stage 4 nsclc...


Q: 

What organ system does adrenal glands belong?

A: The adrenal glands belong to the endocrine organ system. This system is comprised of different glands in the body including (but not limited to) the thyroid gland, the parathyroid glands, the adrenal glands, the pituitary gland, the gonads as well as the pancreas. The adrenal glands are located on top of each kidney, deep in the abdomen....


Q: 

what would cause an enlarged adrenal gland?

A: Disorders Affecting the adrenal glands adrenal insufficiencies often cause the enlargement of the adrenal glands Mountains said: 1 This is not much of an answer but I would try webmd. Sign in to report abuse or send a compliment 16 months ago smurfettmalett replied to post #1: ...


Q: 

My mother after twenty years had a reoccurance of breast cancer in the same breast. She couldn''t do radiation therapy or chemo obviously, since it is a reoccurance. She also has had several bleeds in her head over the past 6 years due to either her blood pressure problem or a possibly a disease called amyloid angiopathy. Two of which almost killed her. Most recent bleed was a size of an orange in her intelligence area the christmas before last. However, she made it through...miraculously with only the side affect of some confusion at times or short term memory. Last month, when diagnosed with breast cancer again in her same breast that had the occurance 20 years ago, Mom wanted to have a double masectomy for preventative measures because she is 70 and didn''t want to have to go through the operation again in future with the thoughts that she could be more at risk for surgical problems due to her age and stroke history. However, the night before surgery we found out that her brother who had throat cancer, had a the problem that anesthetiologists fear called something like malignant hypothermia or something?? So we didn''t want her to be under the anesthetia longer than she had to. With her past stroke issues...we thought it would be wise to take it slow and since her other breast had no sign of malignancy...we wanted her to just do the one. This is what she did and the anesthesiologist was able to give her a drip which was less problematic due to her family history. I was just told tonight that oncology wants her to go on femara 5 years and fosomax (because she has osteopenia in her spine). They also told me after taking a body scan they found a mass in her right abdominal adrenal gland but everything else looked clear. They said they would check this mass 3 months from now. I was concerned. Do you think she should have a biopsy sooner? A lot can happen in 3 months. What could this mean a mass? At one point they thought she had amyloid angiopathy...could it be a bleed there? Or could there be a blood clot from her just going through masectomy a month ago? She has never had any other surgeries or problems with her abdomen...so I wonder what this could mean? When they did her masectomy, her cancer was 1.3 (first stage). They did not know if it was the same strand of cancer that she had 20 years ago because we didn''t have the records. They said the margins were clean when they removed it. They also said out of the remaining nodes that they took out...they seemed clean as well (however since she had radiation on that site before...I was told that reading isn''t always clear). I am concerned to how serious could a mass can be in this area and how common it is? Alot can happen in 3 months and I wonder why they are more concerned to take a biopsy now? We live in SC and it is already a chore to go to Fla. where she gets checked. It would be even harder to go to you all. In light of recieveing this kind of news...What would you suggest? What could this mean having a mass in this area?? I Thank you... so so so very much for all your help.

A: don''t assume that the finding on the adrenal gland is breast cancer related or cancer related. doing a biopsy of the adrenal gland is far trickier than having a double mastectomy so they are being cautious in waiting. given it has been 20 years this would be classified as new primary in her breast and not actually a recurrence of the original disease. the risk to her other breast remains small. though not a candidate for radiation due to having had radiation before, women are always candidates for some type of chemo when disease springs up again, if it is felt to be appropriate to do. her cerebral bleeds make it unlikely that this would be recommended though. hormonal therapy is commonly given for someone in her situation. even if the
Q: 

What does the adrenal gland do?

A: Each person has two adrenal glands, one above each kidney. Each adrenal is small weighing about 15grams. The adrenal produces four major types of hormones; 1. Glucocorticoids.- the major one is known as cortisol. Cortisol is important to maintain life and to protect against stress. One of its major functions is to raise blood glucose level by both increasing production and reducing usage. Too much cortisol can be detrimental by causing muscle wastage and depressing immunity to infection. 2. Mineralocorticoids.- the major hormone is known as aldosterone. Aldosterone ensures that adequate sodium is held in the body by ensuring that the kidney does not leak out too much salt into the urine....


Q: 

Is the adrenal gland part of the excretory system?

A: The adrenal gland is classically considered part of the endocrine system, not part of the excretory system. However, the rigid classification of organs into one particular organ system over another can seem rather artificial at times (because it is). With regard to your question, the excretory system commonly includes the gastrointestinal system (eg, stomach, liver, intestines, rectum) and urinary system (eg, kidney, ureter, bladder). Let''s take a look at the kidney there. The kidney is definitely a part of the excretory system, but it is also an endocrine organ, and requires for its activity the ability to respond to a number of hormones released by other organs. One such hormone is aldosterone, a hormone released by the adrenal gland. ...


 
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