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Pregnancy Levels with a blood serum test.

A: Hi, How are you? Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin (hCG) is a hormone secreted from the placenta and helps maintain aviable pregnancy. To be confident that a pregnancy is present a serum hCG concentration greater than 25 U/L isneeded. In your case, a further sample in 1 - 2 days is suggested for confirmation. During the first weeks ofpregnancy serum concentrations rise rapidly with a doubling time of about 2 days. The peak hCG concentrationis reached between 8 and 12 weeks gestation. Other than pregnancy, trophoblastic or other germ cell tumoursshould be ruled out. Have this evaluated further by your doctor for proper management. Take care and bestregards....


when I inject Byetta, every so often I hit a capillary. When I pull out the needle, a drop of blood/serum appears. Is the Byetta lost in the blood?

A: Congratulations on your success - weight loss and A1C!! It is not unusual to have a drop of blood after an injection. As you stated, it is the result of hitting a small capillary. This may cause slight bruising, but is nothing to worry about. The medication is not lost. It is important to rotate your injection sites every day. The abdomen is the best location - just be sure your injection site is at least a quarter size distance from the last one. Do not inject within 2 inches of your navel or into any scar tissue/stretch marks. Keep up the good control of your diabetes....


What Is serum Osmolarity?

A: serum osmolarity is the effective solute concentration of blood serum and is measured in osmoles. blood serum is considered to encompass everything in blood except red blood cells, or erythrocytes. serum osmolarity is an important diagnostic tool in medicine because osmotic pressure can affect all cells in the body, due to the power of osmosis and cell wall permeability to water but not to many solutes.. Osmolarity is the measurement of how many solute molecules are contained within a certain volume of liquid. The unit of osmolarity measurement is called the "osmole" and indicates the...


What Is serum?

A: serum is the liquid component of blood in your body. They are able to separate the serum from the rest of the blood components by taking whole blood and modifying it. The method for separating the blood from the plasma involves using a centrifuge in order to cause the parts to separate. The word “serum” derives from Latin, and the term can also apply to other types of fluids, such as the liquid in a blister or other medical fluids. The Latin word comes from the Latin word for whey. Why is the liquid that separates from curds during the creation of cheese. There are two different parts to


What Is serum Folate?

A: serum folate refers to how much folate is in a personís blood serum. Testing for folate is done by a physician or other qualified health care practitioner. Testing involves drawing blood to find out how much of this essential vitamin is present in the serum, as well as how much of it is present in the red blood cells. serum folate measurements specifically give doctors an indication of how much folate was recently introduced to the body, whereas folate found and measured in the red blood cells tells doctors how much folate has been stored in the body for long-term use.. Measuring


Does Alligator blood Really Contain Antibiotics?

A: As strange as it may sound, alligator blood does indeed contain antibiotic components called peptides, and it is hoped that one day these components can be synthesized for treatment of many human diseases and bacterial infections. There is already some preliminary evidence that certain antibiotic peptides found in alligator blood can kill drug-resistant bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus or MRSA and even the HIV virus associated with AIDS. Research into the antibiotic and other medicinal properties of lizards and amphibians is not new. The recently approved diabetes drug known as Byetta is largely based on the chemical structure of a Gila monster''s saliva, for example. Secretions from frogs and other amphibians...


How Do I Find Out What My blood Type Is?

A: You need to undergo a blood test to understand your blood type.Their are four types of blood groups : A,AB,B,O.Rhesus factor + or - is also an important factor of the blood group. There are four types of 4 groups of blood. 1.blood group AB individuals have both A and B antigens on the surface of their RBCs, and their blood serum does not contain any antibodies against either A or B antigen. Therefore, an individual with type AB blood can receive blood from any group (with AB being preferable), but can donate blood only...


What is the Difference Between a blood Blister and a Water Blister?

A: One the one hand, the differences between blood blisters and water blisters can be determined by the manner in which they occur and the fluids with which they are filled. On the other hand, the two actually hold more similarities than they do differences. Perhaps the greatest connection between these blisters is that they can be painful, and that they usually appear at the least desirable moment. A water blister, at least in most cases, is caused by simple friction. Your shoes might be too tight, and the rubbing of leather against toe causes a blister. The same theory applies to almost any repetitive motion where skin meets a foreign object. Too much time spent raking, shoveling, or swinging a baseball bat or tennis racket can lead to a water blister. These...
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