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What Are the Different types of Hormonal Contraceptives?

A: Women looking to use hormonal contraceptives, which deliver doses of artificial hormones estrogen and progesterone to prevent pregnancy, have a variety of options to choose from. The oldest and perhaps best known type is the contraceptive pill, usually referred to as the pill. Some women may prefer to get hormone injections or implants, which have to be administered less frequently and do not need to be remembered to be taken. Some types of intrauterine devices, or IUDs, also deliver hormones to the body. Additional options include patches and vaginal rings.. One of the most popular forms of...


What Are the Different types of Hormone Therapy Drugs?

A: hormones play an important role in health and are especially significant when a woman reaches menopause. The female body produces fewer hormones after the onset of menopause, and hormone therapy drugs are used to combat this natural reduction in hormone levels. Common hormone therapy drugs include estrogen and progestin. Natural hormone therapy can include black cohosh, dong quai root, ginseng, kava, red clover and soy. Estrogen and progesterone are the two most prominent female hormones, and both diminish with age. Typical replacement medications for these hormones are estrogen and progestin, which is a synthetic form of progesterone....


What Are the Different types of Hormone Therapy Side Effects?

A: There are several different hormone therapy side effects, and commonly include pain, nausea, and frequent headaches. In most cases, these side effects are short term and can be easily managed; however, other more severe side effects and risks are also recognized by the medical community. Though uncommon, some patients who have undergone hormone therapy have experienced increased risks of blood clots, strokes, and, women, breast and uterine cancer. This type of therapy is most commonly used to ease the symptoms of menopause, but is also used to treat breast and prostate cancers. Most doctors are very selective when prescribing these medications, as not all patients are good candidates for the treatment. The most...


What Are The types of hormones?

A: There are several types of hormones. There is Melatonin that is produced in the pineal gland, Serotonin produced in the GI tract, Thyroxine and Triiodothyronine produced in the Thyroid gland, Epinephrine and Norepinephrine produced in the adrenal medulla, Dopamine produced in the hypothalamus, AAntimullerian hormone from the testes, Adiponectin from the adipose tissue, Calcitonin in the thyroid gland, Erthrpoietin in the kidneys, Gastrin from the stomach, Insulin in the Pancreas, Testosterone in the tstes, Estradiol in the ovaries, Estrone also in the ovaries, Secretin from the Duodenum, Inhibin in the testes, growth hormone in the anterior testes, Ghrelin in the stomach, Antidiuretic hormone in the posterior...


At 38 I am faced with the decision to go on Tamoxifin as a precautionary treatment with discovery of ADH and high risk due to family history. Is there any other type of hormone therapy now offered to premenopausal under 40 women? And if I do choose to start the 5 year therapy, what if cancer develops in my later 40''s can I go on it again? Does it loose it''s effectiveness and are there more serious side effects with long term use? any studies on this?

A: for premenopausal women tamoxifen is the drug usually prescribed. the other hormonal therapies are for treating women who have had a diagnosis of breast cancer. the mission is prevention so don''t think bad thoughts that cancer is going to happen. if it were however, the need for hormonal therapy would be dependent on other factors-- primarily whether the tumor was sensitive to estrogen or not. there are studies happening now that provide extensions of hormonal therapy treatments beyond 5 years for women who have diagnosis of breast cancer....

Breast cancer was my 60th b''day gift. Left partial mastectomy done Oct./05. Invasive carcinoma: histologic type-ductal, no special type; grade 3/3; size 15 mm.; tumour multifocal not multicentric. No perineurual, vascual or lymphatic invasion. In situ: hist. type-solid; grade 3/3 with extensive zonal necrosis, size-15 consecutive blocks estimated 45 mm.+, more than 25%. Left sentinel node biopsy - 5 benign lymph nodes identified. Estrogen receptor: 3/3 more than 90%. Nov/05 bone scan ruled out metastic disease. HER-2 negative 1/3+ by TAB 250 and 0/3+ by A485 antibody. PR 3+. Because of close margins in Oct/05 partial mastectomy, reexcision done Jan/06 with results ''negative for residual invasive or in situ ductal carcinoma''. CEA test in Oct. 6/05 was 1.0 and on Oct. 27/05 was .8 ug/L. Negative test results for BCRA1 and BCRA2. Am now completing 5 weeks (5 days/week) of radiation to be followed by 1 week of 5 days of ''boost'' on scar tissue. Would mastectomy rather than partial mastectomy been the more common recommendation for surgical treatment? What is next step? Chemotherapy? I understand that hormonal medication will be part of my total treatment plan. What type of hormonal therapy - tamoxifen, exemestane, anastrozole? Thanks for your help in this complex matter.

A: as long as breast cosmetically looks okay then lumpectomy is a fine option. it does require radiation so it comes as a package... stage 1 breast cancer. good for you. good prognostic factors. even better. you are in a gray zone for whether chemo would be helpful. ask about oncotypeDX test to help with the decision making perhaps. hormonal therapy is a given and drug choice based on whether you are premenopausal or post menopausal, what your age is, and other health status considerations (like history of blood clots.)...

I will be 47 next week. I had a hysterectomy in 2007 due to fibroids - uterus and cervix gone but they left my ovaries alone. I had a breast reduction in 2005. I am not on any type of medications and have never had any type of hormonal treatment as there has been no need. The only history of cancer in my family is my aunt with breast cancer. In the begining of this year I noticed my left breast was a little larger than the right one. I had my annual mammogram in June of this year. I was relieved and pleasantly surprised that it came back normal. A couple of weeks ago I noticed that it was slightly larger than it was so I scheduled an appointment with my general doctor because the womens center wouldn''t let me come back without a referral of some sort. My doctor examed my breasts and agreed that the left breast was slightly larger than the right. I explained that the areola sometimes looks bigger and then back to normal. He stated that it probably isn''t anything serious but gave me a referral for an ultrasound for that breast so I would have peace of mind. He also stated that sometimes with age and changing hormones, etc. that a breast changing in size can be normal. I have never heard of such a thing, is this true? Is there something else I should do? My ultrasound is this Monday. I appreciate any advice as I want to make sure that I am doing the right thing. Thank you.

A: it is true that breast size can change from hormonal influence. think about it-- when a woman is pregnant her breasts can get huge. sounds like you are doing the appropriate follow up to ensure all is well....

I am a 67 year old female who has a history of kidney problems and I have been newly diagnosed with breast cancer, Stage I, and have had a lumpectomy and am on radiation. What type of hormone therapy would you recommend for me considering my kidney condition....tamoxifen or arimidex...and why?

A: First the need for hormonal therapy needs to be determined by your medical oncologist. not everyone is advised to consider hormonal therapy. it is based on age, stage of disease, prognostic factors and especially the hormone receptor status being positive for estrogen. so first explore that with your doctor!...

I''ve heard that bioidentical estrogen and progesterone are safe, and that all of the studies showing heart and cancer risks with HRT were with done with the other types of hormone therapy. Is this true?

A: All the results regarding hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can be confusing as the findings change. Good places to get updates are: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/women/ and the main site of the Women’s Health Initiative http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/whi/ - both part of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, at the National Institutes of Health....

I am 64, dx 2/05 w/invasive ductal in left breast. 1.6cm tumor removed, no node involvement, stage 1. Path showed 1% dcis in tumor, plus dcis in tissue near tumor - all clear edges. Dr. says radiation therapy will take care of dcis? Tumor is pr-/er+ but only 4%, and her2neu+3. Am on A+C chemo x4, followed by taxotere x4, then 6 weeks of radiation therapy. Type of hormonal therapy is not decided. The her2 is a big concern! What else can be done to avoid spread? Pre-op ct''s of chest,abdomen,pelvis; liver & bone scans were neg.for mets. but showed left side adrenal adenoma 2cm which no one seems too concerned about??

A: Radiation won''t ''take care of'' the known presence of lingering DCIS. if it did then when someone is diagnosed with just DCIS we would only radiate them and not operate to do a lumepctomy. make sense? so if there is residucal DCIS in the breast no radiation oncologist who is reputable would agree to radiate you until it is gone. With sentinel node negative the standard of care would be to NOT do scans. no reason to do them at this point. the doctor will probably talk more about her2neu status given there is recent information to be coming out about this prognostic factor and what treatment options may help....
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